Damage to the Nerve: Understanding More of Diabetic Neuropathy

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Diabetes is one of the leading causes of neuropathies, it is often referred as diabetic neuropathy. This nerve problem is a result of diabetes where the high production of blood sugar injures the nerve fiber throughout the body. Although the nerve problem is a common serious result of diabetes, some patients suffering from diabetic neuropathy, do not know that they have it. To fully understand more about diabetic neuropathy, you canĀ read more here. What are the Symptoms? The occurrence of symptoms usually depends on what nerve was affected and what type of neuropathy. To fully understand the condition, below are the top signs and symptoms of having diabetic neuropathy:

  1. The Peripheral Neuropathy

This type of neuropathy is the most common complication of serious diabetes, where the legs and feet are often affected the first symptom to appear. Then, gradually, as the symptoms persist, it eventually affects the arms and the hands. According to the medical description, the pain and tingling sensation often get worse at night. Below are some of its symptoms:

  • Sharp cramps and pains
  • Tingling and burning sensation
  • Numbness
  • Agonizing sensitivity
  • Body malaise (muscle weakness)
  • Loss of reflexes
  • Loss of coordination and balance
  • Serious foot conditions – infection, ulcer, joint and bone pain
  1. The Autonomic Neuropathy

This type of neuropathy often affects the autonomic nervous system, specifically the bladder, heart, stomach, lungs, eyes, and many other internal organs. Diabetes may cause the following problems:

  • Bladder problems such as Urinary Tract Infections
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Gastroparesis or slow emptying/absorption in the stomach, causing the patient to vomit, nauseous, bloated, and loss of appetite
  • Unexplained excessive and decreased sweating
  • Eye problems where the patient is having difficulties adjusting the eyes from light to dark
  • Arrhythmia (unexplained increase in heart rate even at rest)
  1. The Radiculoplexus Neuropathy Known as Diabetic Amyotrophy, which largely affects the nerves in the hips, thighs, legs, and even the buttocks.

This condition often affects patients with Diabetes Mellitus II or the older patients. According to the medical experts, people who suffer from this condition often experience:

  • Severe and sudden pain in the hip, buttocks, or the thigh
  • Body malaise and thigh muscle atrophy
  • Swelling of the abdomen
  • Difficulties standing up from sitting position
  • Unexplained weight loss
  1. The Mononeuropathy

This type of neuropathy is often called focal neuropathy, where there is a specific nerve damage. According to the medical experts, mononeuropathy does not cause a long-term health problem, but the pain felt is almost similar to those serious conditions. Below are its signs and symptoms:

  • Double vision or vertigo
  • Bell’s palsy or paralysis at one side of the face
  • Lower back and pelvic pain
  • The pain felt at one foot or the shin
  • Pain felt at the front part of the thigh
  • Abdominal or chest pain
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome, where there is a tingling, sharp and stabbing pain, and numbness at the hand or the finger, specifically the middle, thumb, ring, and index finger.

Diabetic neuropathy should be immediately addressed to avoid further health complications.