Causes of Decreased Platelet


It is a known fact that all of us have experienced cutting ourselves when we were children. In fact, even when we are already an adult. Thus, we are all familiar that when we bleed, it stops after a while, depending on the size of the cut or injury. This amazing ability of the body to halt bleeding is owed to the presence of platelets.

Platelets are blood cells that are smaller than red and white blood cells. They are often called the fragments of one of the biggest cell in the body called megakaryocyte. The time it takes for the bleeding to stop is dependent on the level of platelet present in the body, and other factors. However, platelet has a great impact because it is one of the major clotting factors. With that in mind and as backed by science, it is unquestionable that the right amount of platelet is needed to help prevent blood loss.

Many have assumed that the low number of platelet is often caused by diseases that cause internal bleeding or affect the organ responsible for its production. Unfortunately, there are also physiological factors that affect low platelet production. Hence, there are people who bleed longer than others. So, for people to prevent untoward incidents, it is important to identify these factors.

Long-Term Alcohol Use

As some of us have already heard, alcoholic beverages, especially red wine, have been suggested to individuals who have heart or cardiovascular diseases. That is because is believed to help breakdown platelet aggregates and fibrin clots, which usually cause heart diseases.

However, red wine or any alcoholic drinks should only be taken of in moderation because an increase intake, especially when there are really no internal clots, will target the platelets in the blood. In fact, many experts have already said that it has the same effects as aspirin. Additionally, some studies have also shown that alcohol is toxic to the bone marrow–organ responsible for producing blood cells.


A decrease in platelet level during pregnancy usually occurs during the third trimester and in five to eight percent of normal pregnancies. Although the real cause has not yet been determined, many experts have considered the changes in the ratio of blood cells and liquid (plasma) as the primary cause. During the last stages of pregnancy, the plasma increases in level and dilutes the blood cells, including the platelets. Some, on other hand, claim that there is increased destruction of platelet at this stage.

Decreased Consumption of Vitamins

Most of us, if not all, know that vitamins have an effect on the health of people. In a more specific manner, they are responsible for triggering and hastening the normal bodily processes. Vitamin B complex, Vitamin K, riboflavin, and ascorbic acid are the ones that have an effect on platelet production. According to , a decrease in the intake in any of these vitamins will lower the amount of platelet.

Final Words

A bleeding incident that will not stop immediately is very dangerous for any individual. Therefore, having the platelet level checked is important. Also, knowing the physiological causes of platelet decrease can help individuals ensure that they can maintain a healthy platelet level.